The story of the Sisters of St Joseph in Victoria is very much connected with Mary MacKillop.
Mary MacKillop was born in Marino Cottage, Brunswick Street Newtown (now Fitzroy) in 1851. Today, a plaque on the pavement marks this site and, across the road, at the Australian Catholic University, a sculpture of the young Mary gazes at her birthplace.
Mary was baptised and received her first communion and confirmation in St Francis Church in Lonsdale Street in Melbourne.
At the age of fourteen Mary became governess to the adopted daughters of Mary and Joseph L’Estrange in Richmond and then worked at Sands and Kenny, Stationers in Collins Street, Melbourne.
It was from here that she went to Penola to become governess to her Cameron cousins, and first met Fr Julian Tenison Woods. Together they established the congregation of the Sisters of St Joseph.
Growing up in the new colony of Victoria, Mary was very aware of the hardships and difficulties endured by the poor. As a Sister of St Joseph she witnessed the needs of the society of her time and tried to address them through education and social work. As a result schools, orphanages and homes for the destitute were established.
When Mary returned to Victoria in 1890 as Mother Mary of the Cross, it was to open the Josephite school at Numurkah. Fr Michael O’Connor, the parish priest of Numurkah, first met Mary in Penola when he succeeded Fr Woods as parish priest. Fr O’Connor’s request for Sisters of St Joseph to open a school in Numurkah was granted in late 1889 and in January 1890 four Sisters arrived by Cobb and Co coach to establish the first Victorian Josephite school.
During 1890 the first Josephite school in the Archdiocese of Melbourne was established at Bacchus Marsh. East Melbourne, Footscray, Yarraville, Williamstown and Newport were established by 1902.
In 1891, at the request of the Archbishop of Melbourne, Thomas Carr, the Sisters acquired the St Vincent de Paul Children’s Home, and its debt. Mary went to the Surrey Hills home in 1891 as “Beggar in Chief” in her native city and worked hard to make a home for the children, helped financially by friends. The Sisters of St Joseph continued to care for children at Surrey Hills until 1980.
Archbishop Carr also invited the Sisters to establish a Providence for destitute women. This opened in 1891 at 43-45 Latrobe Street comprising a convent, refuge for women and children’s night school. In 1892 the Sisters advertised a home for unemployed servants and the Providence moved to ‘Nottingham Place’ at 535 Victoria Parade and then to ‘Floraston’ at 39 Victoria Parade where women and girls employed in warehouses could also board.
In 1897 the Sisters of St Joseph opened the Catholic Poor School in a two-roomed cottage in Cumberland Place, behind the original Providence. St Joseph’s Poor School provided a basic education for children from the nearby slums. In 1898, Archbishop Carr arranged for a new brick convent/school building and provided for its upkeep. Mary visited the school several times taking lollies for the children. At the end of year function in 1901 her brother Fr Donald MacKillop SJ was present when Dean Phelan distributed the prizes. St Joseph’s school continued to provide an education for the children of the poor until 1926. A plaque was erected in Latrobe Street in 1997 to mark the site of the first Victorian House of Providence and St Joseph’s Poor School, both opened by Mary MacKillop.
In 1901, at the request of Archbishop Carr, Broadmeadows Foundling Hospital was established for single mothers, babies and trainee nurses. By 1922 it had expanded to accommodate no less than five nurseries. Many mothercraft trainees entered the Sisters of St Joseph as a result of their involvement at Broadmeadows. In 1922 St Anthony’s Home for Children was established at Kew, while the Carlton Receiving Home cared for young women until the 1970s.
Once again at the request of the Archbishop, Mary bought land in Albert Street, East Melbourne in 1901 for the erection of a new permanent Providence, providing a home for both women and children. The facility also doubled as a Province Centre until 1910. An adjoining two storey residence was purchased by the Sisters in 1920 and later became a Hostel for country girls. The buildings have since been listed as heritage and have been restored as the centrepiece of the Mary MacKillop Heritage Centre which was opened in November 2007 as “a place of inspiration and vitality which manifests and promotes the spirit and charism of Saint Mary MacKillop and the Sisters of St Joseph”.
On 7th August 1997 MacKillop Family Services came into being. This refounding of the welfare works of the Sisters of Mercy, the Christian Brothers and the Sisters of St Joseph has enabled these works to continue into the future.
As well as these important social welfare ministries, the Sisters of St Joseph opened schools throughout the Melbourne Archdiocese and in isolated areas in the Sandhurst, Ballarat and Sale dioceses. With the influx of migrants to Victoria in the 1950s many new primary schools were opened and Sisters taught large classes. Some Sisters went on Motor Missions to bring religious instruction to children in remote areas. Others taught music to private pupils, charging a modest fee as a means of income. In 1951 a Commercial and Domestic Science School was established at St Monica’s at Footscray. In 1963, Mount St Joseph’s Girls College was built at Altona to provide secondary education for girls from the western suburbs of Melbourne.
In 2012 the fusion of the Congregation of the Sisters of St Joseph, Tasmania with the Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart took place. The Sisters of the states of Victoria and Tasmania now make up the Region of Victoria-Tasmania. Sisters remain involved in education, as well as in chaplaincy, palliative care, parish and pastoral work, nursing, spiritual direction and retreat centre ministries throughout the region and further afield.
(Written from information made available by the Mary MacKillop Heritage Centre, East Melbourne)
Page last updated May 2016